In order to prevent further expansion of communist influence, the United States and various European nations formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1949. Thus, promoting democratic values with lucrative economic benefits, NATO allured many war-damaged nations and labelled them as their honoured members. Its primary objective was to guarantee security to the member nations through political and military means. Furthermore, the organisation’s policy of ‘collective defence’ ensured that an attack on any of its members implied a united front at the line of defence. Catering to this provison, a force was set up which focused on ensuring peace and security of the specified nations. It were the endeavours of these forces which led to the events of Able Archer 83.
Emergency Meeting of NATO- Military Committee on the 31st of October 1983.